May 1 is also known as International Workers’ Day or Labour Day, and it is celebrated in India and many other countries around the world. The significance of Labour Day in India lies in its association with the labour movement and the struggle for workers’ rights.
The origins of Labour Day can be traced back to the late 19th century, when workers in the United States and Europe began organising and agitating for better working conditions, higher wages, and other labour rights. The first International Workers’ Day was observed on May 1, 1890, and it has since become a global celebration of workers and their contributions to society.
In India, Labour Day has its roots in the labour movement that emerged during the colonial era. Indian workers, particularly those in the textile mills and other industrial sectors, were subjected to harsh working conditions and low wages. In response, they began organising and agitating for better treatment and rights.
One of the most significant events in the history of the Indian labour movement was the formation of the All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) in 1920. The AITUC played a key role in organising strikes and protests, and it helped raising awareness about issues faced by Indian workers.
Labour Day is an important holiday in India, and it is celebrated with parades, rallies, and other events that highlight the contributions of workers and their ongoing struggles for better rights and working conditions. It is also an occasion for political activism and advocacy, as workers and labour organisations continue to push for greater protection and rights for workers across the country.